Heartbleed - The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1 before 1.0.1g do not properly handle Heartbeat Extension packets, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory via crafted packets that trigger a buffer over-read, as demonstrated by reading private keys, related to d1_both.c and t1_lib.c, aka the Heartbleed bug.
The downloadZip function in application/controllers/admin/export.php in LimeSurvey through 3.16.1+190225 allows a relative path.
A sandbox information disclosure exists in Twig before 1.38.0 and 2.x before 2.7.0 because, under some circumstances, it is possible to call the __toString() method on an object even if not allowed by the security policy in place.
plugin.js in the w8tcha oEmbed plugin before 2019-03-14 for CKEditor mishandles SCRIPT elements.
WordPress before 5.1.1 does not properly filter comment content, leading to Remote Code Execution by unauthenticated users in a default configuration. This occurs because CSRF protection is mishandled, and because Search Engine Optimization of A elements is performed incorrectly, leading to XSS. The XSS results in administrative access, which allows arbitrary changes to .php files. This is related to wp-admin/includes/ajax-actions.php and wp-includes/comment.php.
In devs.c in Yubico libu2f-host before 1.1.8, the response to init is misparsed, leaking uninitialized stack memory back to the device.
In Storage Performance Development Kit (SPDK) before 19.01, a malicious vhost client (i.e., virtual machine) could carefully construct a circular descriptor chain that would result in a partial denial of service in the SPDK vhost target, because the vhost target did not properly detect such chains.
NVD entries (unprocessed):
Cisco PIX Private Link 4.1.6 and earlier does not properly process certain commands in the configuration file, which reduces the effective key length of the DES key to 48 bits instead of 56 bits, which makes it easier for an attacker to find the proper key via a brute force attack.
lpr on SunOS 4.1.1, BSD 4.3, A/UX 2.0.1, and other BSD-based operating systems allows local users to create or overwrite arbitrary files via a symlink attack that is triggered after invoking lpr 1000 times.
a_ux, bsd, irix, sunos
Windows 95 uses weak encryption for the password list (.pwl) file used when password caching is enabled, which allows local users to gain privileges by decrypting the passwords.
Windows 95, when Remote Administration and File Sharing for NetWare Networks is enabled, creates a share (C$) when an administrator logs in remotely, which allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files by mapping the network drive.
lquerypv in AIX 4.1 and 4.2 allows local users to read arbitrary files by specifying the file in the -h command line parameter.
HTTP Client application in ColdFusion allows remote attackers to bypass access restrictions for web pages on other ports by providing the target page to the mainframeset.cfm application, which requests the page from the server, making it look like the request is coming from the local host.
Cisco Resource Manager (CRM) 1.1 and earlier creates certain files with insecure permissions that allow local users to obtain sensitive configuration information including usernames, passwords, and SNMP community strings, from (1) swim_swd.log, (2) swim_debug.log, (3) dbi_debug.log, and (4) temporary files whose names begin with "DPR_".