Heartbleed - The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1 before 1.0.1g do not properly handle Heartbeat Extension packets, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory via crafted packets that trigger a buffer over-read, as demonstrated by reading private keys, related to d1_both.c and t1_lib.c, aka the Heartbleed bug.
The downloadZip function in application/controllers/admin/export.php in LimeSurvey through 3.16.1+190225 allows a relative path.
A sandbox information disclosure exists in Twig before 1.38.0 and 2.x before 2.7.0 because, under some circumstances, it is possible to call the __toString() method on an object even if not allowed by the security policy in place.
plugin.js in the w8tcha oEmbed plugin before 2019-03-14 for CKEditor mishandles SCRIPT elements.
WordPress before 5.1.1 does not properly filter comment content, leading to Remote Code Execution by unauthenticated users in a default configuration. This occurs because CSRF protection is mishandled, and because Search Engine Optimization of A elements is performed incorrectly, leading to XSS. The XSS results in administrative access, which allows arbitrary changes to .php files. This is related to wp-admin/includes/ajax-actions.php and wp-includes/comment.php.
In devs.c in Yubico libu2f-host before 1.1.8, the response to init is misparsed, leaking uninitialized stack memory back to the device.
In Storage Performance Development Kit (SPDK) before 19.01, a malicious vhost client (i.e., virtual machine) could carefully construct a circular descriptor chain that would result in a partial denial of service in the SPDK vhost target, because the vhost target did not properly detect such chains.
NVD entries (unprocessed):
In Apache Allura prior to 1.11.0, a vulnerability exists for stored XSS on the user dropdown selector when creating or editing tickets. The XSS executes when a user engages with that dropdown on that page.
When using gdImageCreateFromXbm() function of gd extension in versions 7.1.x below 7.1.30, 7.2.x below 7.2.19 and 7.3.x below 7.3.6, it is possible to supply data that will cause the function to use the value of uninitialized variable. This may lead to disclosing contents of the stack that has been left there by previous code.
Function iconv_mime_decode_headers() in versions 7.1.x below 7.1.30, 7.2.x below 7.2.19 and 7.3.x below 7.3.6 may perform out-of-buffer read due to integer overflow when parsing MIME headers. This may lead to information disclosure or crash.
When EXIF extension is parsing EXIF information from an image, e.g. via exif_read_data() function, in versions 7.1.x below 7.1.30, 7.2.x below 7.2.19 and 7.3.x below 7.3.6 it is possible to supply it with data what will cause it to read past the allocated buffer. This may lead to information disclosure or crash.
Cloud Foundry BOSH 267.x versions prior to v267.14.0, and BOSH 270.x versions prior to v270.1.1, contain a BOSH Director that does not properly redact credentials when configured to use a MySQL database. A local authenticated malicious user may read any credentials that are contained in a BOSH manifest.
Jonathan Looney discovered that the TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs value was subject to an integer overflow in the Linux kernel when handling TCP Selective Acknowledgments (SACKs). A remote attacker could use this to cause a denial of service. This has been fixed in stable kernel releases 4.4.182, 4.9.182, 4.14.127, 4.19.52, 5.1.11, and is fixed in commit 3b4929f65b0d8249f19a50245cd88ed1a2f78cff.
Jonathan Looney discovered that the TCP retransmission queue implementation in tcp_fragment in the Linux kernel could be fragmented when handling certain TCP Selective Acknowledgment (SACK) sequences. A remote attacker could use this to cause a denial of service. This has been fixed in stable kernel releases 4.4.182, 4.9.182, 4.14.127, 4.19.52, 5.1.11, and is fixed in commit f070ef2ac66716357066b683fb0baf55f8191a2e.